Electric vehicles and their batteries are becoming a much larger business than most people think. The largest market for lithium-ion batteries is and will always remain electric vehicles. In fact, in the coming years, the demand is only going to rise.
In this blog, let’s understand how lithium ion battery works in the world of electric vehicle and why researching EV batteries has never been safer.
Since its introduction in 1991, the lithium-ion battery was initially created for the consumer electronics sector. In no time, it expanded itself to further applications, including electric vehicles and eventually became standard for all devices that required a portable rechargeable battery.
The principle of a lithium-ion battery is to circulate electrons by creating a potential difference between two electrodes – one negative and the other positive. It is immersed in a conductive ionic liquid called an electrolyte and when the battery powers the device, the electrons stored in the negative electrode are emitted through an external circuit and move to the positive electrode. This is the discharging phase. In contrast, when the battery is charged, the energy supplied by the charger sends electrons back from the positive electrode to the negative electrode.
The different battery types available in the market depend on the type of ion, electrode material, and associated electrolyte. Lithium-ion battery uses lithium ions (Li+) and hence the name was given to this technology.
A lithium-ion battery used in electric vehicles is designed as an assembly of individual battery units. It is connected to each other and monitored by a dedicated controlled electronic circuit. The number of cells, the size of the individual cells, and their placement determine both the voltage supplied by the battery and its capacity, that is, the amount of electricity the battery can store.
Is researching EV batteries safe?
Advancements in battery testing equipment have made the process of battery testing safer more than ever. With more accurate testing equipment, minor changes in a battery can be detected before it becomes a serious problem. The improved equipment also enables a more controlled testing environment.
The main reason for lithium batteries large-scale success is essentially the storage density made possible by lithium-ion technology. It today represents the best compromise between capacity, volume and mass in the field of electric vehicles. Lithium battery offers high voltage, easy recharging and durability, which further lend themselves to usage scenarios throughout their life cycle.
Lithium batteries are a critical component in the growing global demand for energy storage, including electric vehicles. Thus, battery testing processes must be able to meet the demand that is required for the technology to develop. Semco Infratech’s testing equipment not only accelerates the testing process but also makes testing of batteries safer and secure overall. Get in touch with expert engineers of Semco Infratech and get a quote today!